Tuesday, April 08, 2008

Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr

8th April every year is commemorated by the Islamic Ummah as the anniversary of the martyrdom of the super genius personality of Islam, Ayatullah al-Uzma Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr, who was born in Kazemain (Iraq) on Thoulqadah 25th, 1353 A.H. He belonged to a religious family which has been the cradle of Islamic learning for about a century by now.

He lost his father when he was only 4 years old and he was then brought up by his mother and elder brother Ismaiel al-Sadr. From his very childhood he showed signs of extra-ordinary intelligence and aptitude for learning. When he was only 10 years he spoke on doctrinal matters and Islamic History with such confidence as if he had spent decades mastering these subjects. When he was 11 years old he wrote a book on logic and also began delivering lectures on this subject.

In 1365 A.H, when he was 12 years old, he settled in Najaf (Iraq) and began studying as well as teaching the principles of Islamic Jurisprudence and other branches of Islamic learning. He possessed such an extra-ordinary acumen that he could fully comprehend the lessons of the level of his own studies without the help of his teacher. Eventually he was elevated to the position of 'Ijtihad' (jurisprudent) and also began writing books. He has written 26 books on various subjects. Some of these books have been translated into Persian, English, Urdu and Turkish. Including: Jurisprudence, Fundamentals of Jurisprudence, Economics, Philosophy, Inductive Logic, Social Problems and Public administration.

Ayatullah Sadr's support of Imam Khomeini (RA) and his opposition to the atheist Ba'thist regime in Iraq led by Saddam shook the foundations of the atheist Ba'thist regime of Saddam. Ayatullah Sadr as the leader the Islamic movement had gained popular support from the Muslims in Iraq and emerged as powerful force in Iraq.

The atheist Baathist Saddam arrested Ayatullah Sadr and his sister Aminah Bint al-Huda in February 1980 and were imprisoned in the notorious Abu Ghuraib prison in Baghdad. He and his sister were severely tortured by the Baathist agents in the prison and were shot dead directly by the hands of atheist Baathist Saddam on April 8, 1980. Thus, the super genius personality of Islam, Martyred Ayatullah Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr and his learned scholar sister Amina Bint al-Huda were martyred by the atheist Baathist Saddam.

Amina Bint al-Huda was great Islamic scholar and an advocate of women rights in Islam and single handedly recruited hundreds of women into fold of Islam. She was prolific novelist, and political speaker that mobilized masses to struggle against tyranny of atheist Baathist Saddam.

Ayatullah Sadr's martyrdom aroused no criticism from the West against the atheist Baathist Saddam regime, its reason was clear, because Ayatullah Sadr had openly supported the Islamic revolution in Iran.

The bodies of the martyred Ayatullah Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr and his learned scholar sister Amina Bint al-Huda were buried in holy city of Najaf, beside Imam Ali's (A.S.) shrine.

Imam Khomeini (RA) in his message on their martyrdom stated: "...Martyr Ayatullah Baqir Sadr and his honorable sister who were the teachers of Islamic sciences and morality, were martyred by Iraqi regime. Martyrdom is a heritage which these dear individuals inherited it from their holy ancestors ..."

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